The Gunnedah Coal Basin is distinguished by low ash and Sulphur, high specific energy and very low phosphorus coal and is also known as High Efficiency Low Emission Coal. The coal is highly sought and is transported by rail to the Port of Newcastle for export. Coal production in the Gunnedah Shire is expected to exceed 10 million tonnes per annum for decades.
Gunnedah represents an opportunity for mining related service businesses, the town is situated in the middle of the Gunnedah Basin mines. Business who directly supply the mines have benefited from operating in Gunnedah including; employment suppliers, equipment service and maintenance businesses, vehicle hire and fuel supplies. Businesses who indirectly supply the mines have also benefited from setting up in Gunnedah including retail and hospitality.